General Information

Wood is a natural product, so its endless varieties of grains and colors enhance its beauty.
It's not manufactured, so there are no dye-lot numbers to worry about.
Wood flooring comes in two types: solid and engineered (or laminated) flooring.

Solid wood is one piece of wood. It is naturally hydroscopic. That is, it expands by absorbing moisture;
and it contracts by evaporation. (Therefore, solid wood floors can not be installed below grade.)

Engineered wood flooring is far stronger than a piece of solid wood -guaranteed not to warp, buckle or form gaps. It is also more durable than solid wood. However, it uses half the number of trees that solid wood floors require. Engineered wood is layered or laminated wood, usually five layers deep.
The grain of each layer is laid perpendicular to the grain of the layers above and below.
The strongest resins bond the layers together. That bonding is stronger than the expansion strength of the wood. That allows laminated wood floors to resist expansion and contraction - giving dimension stability.
Engineered floors are more water-resistant than solid wood floors. Engineered hardwood floors are crafted for universal installation - above, on, or below ground level.
That makes them perfect for rooms where ordinary wood cannot survive.
Laminated wood floors can now be safely used in kitchens, basements and attics.
In the last decade the amount of engineered wood flooring installed annually has risen 300 percent.
Traditional solid wood flooring requires more than twice the number of trees to produce
an equivalent square footage of engineered wood floors.

Wood can be finished with a protective coating either at the factory or on the job site.
The finishes may be
wax, acrylic impregnated, or urethane.
Waxed products offer the least protection. They should not be installed in areas subject to food arid liquid spills.
Acrylic impregnated floors improve the floor's resistance to indentation and abrasion.
Acrylic impregnated floors are used extensively for commercial applications.

Can last for decades. Offers the best return on investment in flooring. Wood increases the value of the property.
Has imaginative designs and accents. You can design your flooring to be unique to your tastes. The options are unlimited.
Flexible installation. Can install laminated wood over a concrete slab, above or below grade.

Cautions with wood:
Solid wood floors grow with humidity and shrink during dry periods. These changes can cause cracks, bows,
and twists in the wood. as wood dries, it can leave gaps between planks - the wider the planks, the wider the gaps.


Q."It costs a lot more than other flooring!"
A. It costs more than some, as an initial investment. But it may cost less over a
number of years.

Q."It is easily dented and scratched."
A. It dents and scratches less easily that some floorings, but more than others. With
wood, some dents and scratches can add character.

Q. "It warps and shrinks, leaving gaps."
A. When laid well and finished well, warping and shrinking are minimal. Use of a
de-humidifier or a humidifier can reduce changes in size.

Q. "It's hard to take care of."
A. It is harder than some floors. But with the right finish, it requires simply dust-mopping and occasional cleanings.